Ideally, coffee should be ground immediately before brewing. The old coffee grinders are considered better than the modern day electric ones, because coffee is 'ground' by the wheel where the beans pass and not minced, as happens with various electric-blade coffee grinders which, among other things, heat the coffee causing further flavor loss.
There are four methods of brewing coffee: boiling, steeping, percolating and filtering. Coffee experts consider stepping the best method. For perfect coffee, earthenware or glass receptacles should be used. Grinding Tips:
Never grind more coffee than you will use for immediate brewing. Once the beans are ground, the flavorful oils are exposed to the damaging air. As these oils dissipate, so will the flavor of your coffee. Once ground, coffee will begin to lose its flavor almost immediately.
Different methods of brewing will require various grind consistencies. Typically, coffee used for drip brewing should be ground to a consistency similar to granulated sugar. The complete drip cycle should occur within four to six minutes. If the drip cycle is completed in less than four minutes, grind your coffee finer. If the cycle takes longer than six minutes, grind your coffee coarser.
When using a French press, the coffee will need to be ground extremely coarse. Espresso requires an extremely fine grind...almost powder-like with a slight grittiness. The key to the proper espresso grind is the extraction time. After the proper dose and tamp, one ounce of espresso should be extracted in approximately 25 to 30 seconds. Like drip coffee, if the one-ounce extraction occurs in less than 25 seconds, grind your coffee finer. If the extraction occurs for longer than 30 seconds, grind your coffee coarser. Talk to your local coffee professional for additional information. Storage tips:
- Never store your coffee in the refrigerator: Coffee will absorb flavors and aromas from other food product in your refrigerator.
- Freezing coffee can also have a damaging effect: we do not recommend this practice unless you will not use up your supply of coffee in a short period of time.
- Coffee should be stored in a clean, dry, airtight container, in a cool, dark place.